Mapping the HTTP library into the Application 22

If you remember the tutorial section on the ValueOrError Concept, this is an example of how to implement a custom ValueOrError Concept converter in Outcome:

// Inject custom ValueOrError conversion
namespace convert
  // Provide custom ValueOrError conversion from httplib::result<U> into any app::outcome<T>
  template <class T, class U> struct value_or_error<app::outcome<T>, httplib::result<U>>
    // False to indicate that this converter wants `result`/`outcome` to NOT reject all other `result`
    static constexpr bool enable_result_inputs = true;
    // False to indicate that this converter wants `outcome` to NOT reject all other `outcome`
    static constexpr bool enable_outcome_inputs = true;

    template <class X,                                                                              //
              typename = std::enable_if_t<std::is_same<httplib::result<U>, std::decay_t<X>>::value  //
                                          && std::is_constructible<T, U>::value>>                   //
    constexpr app::outcome<T>
    operator()(X &&src)
      // Forward any successful value, else synthesise an exception ptr
      return src.has_value() ?                              //
             app::outcome<T>{std::forward<X>(src).value()}  //
View this code on Github

The first thing that you should note is that these custom converters must be injected directly into the OUTCOME_V2_NAMESPACE::convert namespace, and they must partially or completely specialise struct value_or_error<DEST, SRC>.

The second thing to note is that you need to set enable_result_inputs and enable_outcome_inputs appropriately. The reason that these are here is because of a chicken-or-egg problem whereby the ValueOrError infrastructure needs to be defined before result can be defined, and we also wish to permit inclusion of result without needing to include outcome. So this is a slightly irritating workaround, but one with low impact.

The third thing to note is the SFINAE on operator(). If the SFINAE fails, the ValueOrError converting constructor disables. Obviously, if you are using Concept requirements, that works too. Note the requirement that SFINAEd X matches httplib::result<U>, and that T is constructible from U.

If operator() is available, it naturally converts a httplib::result<U> into an app::outcome<T> by either forwarding any success as-is, or calling app::make_httplib_exception() to type erase the httplib::failure into an app::httplib_error.